The New Tropes of Women’s History are as Damaging as the Old

Labels and stereotypes, long used to subordinate and marginalize women in history, need to be opposed, not embraced.

Beyond Inspiring: History’s Female PhD Pioneers

While the stories of history’s first female doctors of philosophy are inspiring, they also highlight the galling realities of women’s centuries-long struggle to obtain equal educational opportunities and professional and intellectual respect. Seen as a whole, they have the power to light a fire beneath armchair inspiration and provoke similarly bold and progressive action.